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Robert Rowland

Robert Rowland

Male 1769 - 1854  (85 years)  Submit Photo / DocumentSubmit Photo / Document   Submit GedcomSubmit Gedcom

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  • Name Robert Rowland 
    Born 1769  NC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Census 1830  Morgan, Alabama, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 13 Sep 1854  Decatur, Morgan, AL Find all individuals with events at this location 
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    Person ID I53572  Smith Smyth Schmidt Smythe Smitt
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    Last Modified 25 Feb 2013 

    Father Hosea Rowland,   b. c 1755, Lunenburg Co,VA,USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1800, Montgomery Co NC USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Family ID F20058  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Census (Family) 1830  Morgan, AL Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Census (Family) 1840  Regiment 6, Morgan, AL Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Sherrod Rowland,   b. 1788, Salisbury, Montgomery, AL Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Nov 1848, Pattonville, Lamar, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
     2. Joseph Rowland,   b. c 1797, NC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 May 1881, Burleson, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 84 years)
     3. Tabitha C Rowland,   b. 1787, NC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1859, Marshall,l AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 72 years)
    +4. Christopher Rowland,   b. 1795, Montgomery Co NC USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Nov 1830, Monroe Co, AR Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 35 years)
     5. Sarah Rowland,   b. 27 May 1792, NC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Jul 1855, St Clair Co, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 63 years)
     6. Jesse Rowland,   b. 1794, NC, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1830, Morgan Co, AL Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 36 years)
     7. Mary Rowland,   b. 1796,   d. 1850  (Age 54 years)
    +8. Phereby Lucinda Rowland,   b. 1806,   d. 22 Apr 1866, Blossom Prairie, Lamar, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
     9. Pleasant Rowland,   b. 1810,   d. 1879, Collin Co, TX Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
     10. Elizabeth Rowland,   b. 1814, TN,USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1848, AL,USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 34 years)
    Last Modified 25 Feb 2013 
    Family ID F19388  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 1769 - NC, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus (Family) - Robert Rowland 1 m 20-29 1 m 60-69 1 f 10-14 1 f 15-19 1 f 60-69 - 1830 - Morgan, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsCensus (Family) - 1 m 60-69 1 f 70-79 - 1840 - Regiment 6, Morgan, AL Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - 13 Sep 1854 - Decatur, Morgan, AL Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Notes 
    • Information from Nancy Webb Wood; 408 Lilac Dr.; El Dorado, AR 71730; 501-863-6585; submitted 24 Sep 1994; 'FAMILY HISTORY, SHERROD ROLAND-ELIZABETH PACE-

      Surveyor, Soldier, Merchant, Court Magistrate, Colonist, Miller, Poet- Sherrod Roland was born ca. 1788-90 in Montgomery County, North Carolina, the son of Robert Roland. Sherrod's mother is unknown. She was born ca. 1760-69 and died between 1840-50 in Morgan County, Alabama. Robert Roland was born ca. 1769 in North Carolina and died in 1854 in Morgan County, Al. At his death he owned 180 acres of land in the Apple Grove Community, which is most likely his place of residence.

      Robert came from North Carolina by way of Tennessee and purchased 160 acres of land in Cotaco Co. (now Morgan Co.), Alabama on July 7, 1818. He was listed in Morgan Co. census records from 1830 to 1850. His estate was probated there in September 1854. Robert had a large family, some of whom remained in Alabama and at least five migrated to Lamar, Berleson and Collin Counties, Texas.

      Sherrod died before the time of his father's death, so Sherrod's children in Lamar County, Texas were named as heirs when Robert Roland's estate was probated in Morgan County. According to family tradition, Robert's father was Hosea Rowland of Montgomery Co., N.C. Robert married the daughter of a man his father was feuding with so he was disinherited. Robert dropped the 'w' from the spelling of his name. Hosea fought with Light Horse Harry Lee's Cavalry in the American Revolutionary War (not proven).

      Sherrod may have visited Texas as early as 1810 to survey for the Spanish Government according to tradition. One relative believes he was given an island off the Texas coast. Another states he received the first land grant in Texas from the Mexican government for his services (not proven). According to his widow when applying for bounty land, Sherrod enlisted in the War of 1812 in the U.S. Army in Warren County, Tennessee, under Captain Mathis, alias Mathews, and Colonel Douglas. He served three to six months in 1814 and was in the Battle of the Horseshoe (Montgomery, Al.). War of 1812 records reveal Sherrod served as a Private in Capt. William Douglas' Company of Infantry, Col. Stephen Copeland's 3rd Regiment, West Tennessee Militia from January 28 to May 10, 1814. [Footnote: 1. War of 1812 Company Muster Roll and Company Pay Roll Records, Cards #385-2814 and 385-2873.]

      On December 15, 1818, Sherrod was appointed overseer of the road from the north bank of the West Fork of Cotaco Creek to the county boundary in Cotaco Co., AL. He married Elizabeth 'Betsy' Pace in this county on Jan. 25, 1819, and perhaps four children were born there. Betsy was born May 17, 1801 in Spartanburg Co., South Carolina. She was the daughter of Zepporah Kirby and John Pace, Jr. The Pace family moved from South Carolina to Warren Co., Kentucky by 1810, then on to Cotaco Co., AL about 1818. They were living in Blount Co. (now Cullman Co.), AL in 1830 when John Pace Jr. died. On July 25, 1825, Sherrod bought 80 45/100 acres of land in Blount Co., AL from R. Yielding. By 1828 Sherrod and Isaac Hoskins owned a trading company in Blount Co. called The Mercantile Business. Sometime between this time and 1830, Sherrod and Elizabeth and their young children left Alabama walking beside a covered wagon containing their household goods. According to tradition, Sherrod had only $10 and a gun. He angered his wife by buying a dog with the $10. The dog 'treed' a wild hog and they had meat and lard from it and their prosperity began. In 1829 St. Francis Co., Arkansas Territory was opened to veterans of the War of 1812 and Indian Wars, so this may have been the time and reason Sherrod came to St. Francis Co. Arkansas Territory history relates the difficulty early settlers had in making their way to this area. They followed Indian trails and the men went ahead of the wagons with a compass and axes to hack through trees and underbrush to widen the trails to accommodate the wagons. The wagon ruts on the old trails can still be seen. Sherrod was listed in the 1830 St. Francis Co., AR Territory census as living in Franks Township. Arkansas Territory history relates that he served as Comd. Magistrate in this county on Nov. 12, 1833. Two more children were born to the Rolands in St. Francis Co. One of these was my great-grandfather, Robert Pace Roland. On Aug. 18, 1834, a man named Elijah Patrick attacked Sherrod with a stick at Strong's Store in St. Francis Co. Sherrod and this man had had a disagreement for some time. Sherrod closed in and stabbed Patrick with his pocket knife during the attack, which resulted in Patrick's death in a few minutes. Sherrod immediately gave himself up to the civil authority. [Footnote: 2. Arkansas Gazette, Aug. 26, 1834 issue.] Soon after this incident Sherrod moved to Miller Co., AR Territory, north of the Red River (probably Fort Towson, which is now in Oklahoma), as he was listed in Old Miller County tax records for 1834. This was a disputed area which was claimed for several years by both Arkansas Territory and Mexican Territory. The boundary line between Mexico and Arkansas was thought to be about ten miles farther west than it really was. Land owners paid taxes in both Red River Co., TX and Old Miller Co., AR Territory to avoid losing their property for non-payment of taxes. Members of the same household sometimes held official positions in both states. Sherrod returned to St. Francis Co., AR Territory in October 1835 to be tried for killing Elijah Patrick. He was mentioned as being of 'Miller Co., AR' at that time. He was acquitted after the jury retired but a few minutes. [Footnote: 3. Arkansas Advocate, Oct. 23, 1835 issue.]

      When the Red River was named as the Texas boundary, the Rolands moved south of the river to 'Old Red River County' near the present Pattonville, Lamar Co., TX. [Footnote: 4. A newspaper article by Ed H. McCuistion, LOOSE LEAVES OF THE HISTORY OF LAMAR COUNTY, states that Sherrod Rowland, John Rowland, and Caleb Wood came together to Texas in 1834. THE HISTORY OF LAMAR COUNTY by A. W. Neville states these three came to Texas in 1834. Texas land records contain a sworn statement that Sherrod came to Texas on Nov. 15, 1834. John Roland's mother, Martha Pace Roland Ingram, stated that she moved to Red River Co., TX on Nov. 14, 1834. The last time Sherrod appears on St. Francis Co., AR Terr. tax records is Nov. 17, 1834. This was for 1834 taxes and does not necessarily indicate he was still living in that county on that date. He also paid Miller Co., AR Terr. taxes in 1834 and appears on these records as late as 1837. This was probably due to the boundary dispute between Arkansas and Texas. Sherrod's son, Wm. Hugh Roland, was born on March 4, 1837 and always listed his place of birth as Texas. Sherrod was listed on the Old Red River Co., TX tax rolls for 1840 as having 1 poll, 4,605 acres of land, and one metal clock. Colonists who were in Texas before March 1, 1836 were eligible for 4,605 acres of land (a league and a labor) if married.] They had a yoke of yearling oxen and two wagons. There were still Indians in this area when Sherrod and Elizabeth moved there. Elizabeth made friends with the local Indians by passing hoe cakes to them through the cracks in their log house. When marauding Indians were on the up-rise, the friendly Indians would warn Elizabeth and she would run with her children to a nearby fort while the slave, Mose, stayed behind to load the wagon with provisions for the family's stay at the fort. Elizabeth would reach the fort with the children before he did. [Footnote: 5. Neville's THE HISTORY OF LAMAR COUNTY, p. 323, states in part, 'Robert Patton, who came to Lamar Co. in 1835 and settled where is now the village of Pattonville, told Ed H. McCuistion of Lamar County Historical Society, that the next year (1836) about five hundred Choctaw Indians from east of the Mississippi River camped on Bee Bayou, near where Patton lived, and remained there some time. The settlers were glad to have them there as they kept marauding Indians from stealing and perhaps killing people in the neighborhood. Those Indians were a party that the government was transferring to Indian Territory and who supposedly by mistake had crossed the Red River instead of continuing on the north side of that stream and finding themselves in desirable country had settled down. They were later sent across the river and joined the other emigrants in the Choctaw Nation.' Also on p. 232 the author relates tales told by the Reverend David Anders, as follows in part: 'About the same time (1837) Indians were so bad along North and South Sulphur rivers that the citizens built a fort for protection, a few miles northwest of where is now the town of Ben Franklin, and called it Fort Lyday...' Page 233 states in part: 'Fort Shelton, near the present town of Roxton, was built by Jesse Shelton in 1837, but no definite accounts of Indian raids and fights there have ever been written or even handed down... He (Shelton) lived in his fort in Texas about two years and the settlers worked their farms by turn in companies as a protection from Indians...' This was probably the fort the Rolands used since it was nearer to them.] When William Hugh Roland (born Mar. 4, 1837) was a baby the Rolands heard the Indians coming. Sherrod ran to hitch the oxen to the wagon so they could go to the fort. Betsy was holding the baby and he sensed her fear. He said his first word, 'Indian!'. Sherrod and his nephew, John Roland, son of Martha 'Patsy' and Christopher Roland, both fought in the Texas Revolution. Sherrod served in Company A, 1st Regt., 4th Brigade Field Artillery, as a Mounted Rifleman, from Sept. 6, 1838 to Jan. 7, 1839. [Footnote: 6. Discharge Records, Lamar County, Texas, Vol. 13, p. 473.] He received a certificate for land in Lamar County for this service, John Roland died in the war before he was 17 years old and his heirs (his mother and brothers, Ezekial and Sherrod) were granted 1,750 acres of land in Collin County, which later became the town of Westminster. The grant was dated 1845. This area is still known as the Roland Survey. Ezekial Roland married Mahala Alabama Pace, niece of Elizabeth Pace Roland. David Crockett stayed a few days near Pattonville and surrounding area in 1836, visiting friends and relatives on his way to the Alamo. He went buffalo hunting with the Rolands in far northeast Texas, south of the Red River, on this trip. Sherrod's daughter, Mary Francis, later married a relative of David Crockett.

      Sherrod acquired much land in Texas. Ben Crockett, grandson of Sherrod, related that Sherrod had land farther than the eye could see. He built a fine, two-story house between Sylvan and Pattonville. It was a square, fortress-like house, partly made of logs with an upper story and balcony where they could watch for Indians. The house was reputedly a center of attraction in that part of the country and people would drive out to see it on Sunday afternoon. It is reputedly the first planed lumber house in the area. Sherrod had the first grist mill in the Red River Valley. He ground meal for people, taking pay in grain. [Footnote: 7. In Ed H. McCuistion's newspaper article mentioned above, he states, 'Sherrod Rowland probably built the first corn and wheat mill ever erected in Lamar County. This mill stood about two or two and one-half miles south of Sylvan near the old Rowland graveyard.' Several yoke of oxen and grist mill equipment were listed in the inventory of Sherrod's estate, so he must have still been operating the mill at the time of his death in 1848.] He surveyed land, taking pay in land. [Footnote: 8. The first deed record in the first Lamar County deed book was one where Sherrod surveyed and claimed land for a colonist and retained a portion of the land. There are numerous deeds of similar transactions for several years involving Sherrod. There were also deeds in Old Red River County before Lamar was set apart from the county. A receipt in Sherrod's probate file shows he paid $20 to J, D, Black for bringing land patents from Austin and also a receipt for '206.64' in Texas money it being the amount paid on the above land patents by Hunt and Black.'] Sherrod wrote poems. A descendant has a book of his poems which I saw and had photocopied. There are a number of ballads and poems in the book, which was covered with a silk material as the binder. The handwriting was very legible and beautiful manuscript. Sherrod's vocabulary and mastery of the English language is very apparent. There can be no doubt that he was a very intelligent, educated man. Many of the poems carry a religious theme. One is a ballad that relates the gruesome tale of the murder of his nephew, Jesse Roland, at the hands of a man named Ringgold and his sons, while Jesse was still in his teens. The Roland Family Bible has not been located, although one existed and was loaned to another descendant who has since died. Elizabeth was noted throughout the area for her intelligence and was consulted on legal matters of all sorts by friends and neighbors. She also served as a midwife and general leader in the community. Sherrod and Elizabeth were members of the Christian Church. Their daughter, Elizabeth, married Sterling Elder Williams, a minister. Sherrod and Elizabeth donated land for a church called Mulberry Creek Christ's Church, in Lamar County. It was the first Christian church in the county. In her old age, Elizabeth Roland became blind. Sherrod was buried in 1848 in the Roland Cemetery between Pattonville and Sylvan, TX. Elizabeth died in 1876, in Lamar County, and was buried beside Sherrod. It is stated that a subsequent owner of the property, an 'old Man Rudisel', used Sherrod's (and others) tombstone for the steps of his home. I visited Mary Rudisel in the home she inherited and thought at the time I might be walking over Sherrod's tombstone when I entered the home. Several of us went through a pasture behind Mary's home to the location of the old Mulberry Creek Christian Church. An elderly cousin was with me on this visit and pointed out the spot in which the church was located. It was on the opposite side of Mulberry Creek from the small cemetery that still bears Huff and other tombstones. My cousin said when she was a girl the Black people worshiped in the old church and she had attended revivals, etc. there. I was riding in the back of a pickup trick and spied an old house, grown up in vines and trees. When we got back to Mary's, I asked her about the old house. She said her grandfather's brother had built the house the same year her house was built. Mary's house had been occupied and very well maintained through the years and the other house had fallen into ruin. Was this the 'Old Man Rudisel' who used Sherrod's tombstone in his foundation? Since the old Rudisel house was closer to the church (and possible former cemetery), I have believed since then that this is the likely depository for Sherrod's tombstone. I purposed to go back in winter, when vines and snakes were dormant, to have a closer look, but have not done so yet. The Huff Cemetery is located across Mulberry Creek from this site, on the present Wilson land between Sylvan and Pattonville, which is where old relatives told me the Rolands lived. When I visited this site, Mr. Wilson took us to a spot on a hill which is a likely location of the Roland home. (Pinkney Huff was the father of Mary Ann Huff, who married the son of Sherrod Roland, Robert Pace Roland. These are my great-grandparents. The Huffs lived at Blossom, so I don't know why they were buried in this cemetery.) Mr. Wilson said he had plowed up bricks and household objects in that area. I picked up a couple of very old handmade bricks, which I visualized as being made on the site for the home's foundation and/or chimney. Sherrod's brother, Christopher Roland, married Elizabeth's sister, Martha W. 'Patsy' Pace. They had three or four sons in Alabama. This family probably moved to Arkansas Territory at the time Sherrod's family moved there. Christopher lived in Monroe County, AR Territory. He died soon after moving there and his probate record is the first listing in the Monroe County, AR Territory record book in 1830. The probate record lists his widow and sons as survivors and heirs. Ebenezar Ingram was administrator of the estate and purchased many items in the estate sale. Ebenezar became the second husband of Christopher's widow soon after his death. Ebenezar and Martha are listed in the 1830 census of Monroe Co. The 1831 probate records of her father, John Pace Jr., in Alabama, named Ebenezar Ingram as the husband of his daughter, Martha 'Patsy'. Nothing more of Ebenezar is known after this, but apparently Martha and her sons migrated to Texas with Sherrod, as she states in Red River County land records that she settled there on Nov. 14, 1834. In March 1838, Red River County, Martha married Noel Arrington and had another son by this marriage. Martha and her sons moved to Collin Co., TX, where she died. Nothing more is known of her third husband.' *From the records of Elizabeth Booth; 'Sherrod never made application for the bounty of land due him for 3-6 months service he made in the War of 1812. She applied in 1861 under the act of March 3, 1855. The declarant appointed J.D. Wright to prosecute her claim. This record was found in Austin, TX. Archives, not in Lamar County. In the LOOSE LEAVES OF THE HISTORY OF LAMAR COUNTY by Ed H. McCuistion, 'Sherrod Roland built, what is believed to be the first corn and wheat mill in the county, located 1/2 mile south of Sylvan, near the old Roland family cemetery. He co-signed the affidavit with Tom Gregg, that Alexander Graham came to the valley in 1836.' Sherrod Roland donated the land and had built the first church house in Lamar County in 1846- Book D., p.11- known as Old Mulberry Church of Christ and also as a school.'

      Groom: Rowland, Sherwood
      Bride: Rebecca E. Austin
      Date: 11 Apr. 1861
      JP: W.A. Morton
      Page: 39
      Stanly County North Carolina Marriages Book II 1867-1904.

      Arkansas Newspaper Index 1819-1845 by James Logan Morgan - pub. 1981 Vol 1 - 4 (all bound into one book) Arkansas Newspaper Abstract 1819-1845 Obituaries & Biographical Notes pg. 87

      ROLAND, Sherrod, of Miller Co., tried in St. Francis Co. circuit court for murder of Elijah Patrick; acquitted. Ark. Adv. (newspaper) Oct. 23, 1835.
    • In 1815 he was living in Cotaco Co(now Morgan)AL. His will was probated 16 Sep 1854 and lists children and spouses, among them Christopher, Elizabeth, Pleasant, Tallitha, Joseph, Sarah,Polly, and Phereby.

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